The organisation of doctoral-level studies
The PhD is the highest level of education provided by the Italian academic system. Universities offer doctoral-level programmes. Academic bodies determine the educational objectives and programmes of study for each doctoral course which are set up by decree.
Doctoral candidates are affiliated to doctoral departments. Some universities have also set up doctoral schools which may provide co-tutelle doctoral programmes, providing doctoral research at two universities or HEIs in different countries.
The average length of a doctoral programme is three years.
Doctoral candidates are systematically assigned a supervisor.
Coordinators responsible for organising the PhD and the board of teachers and tutors (doctoral school) are selected according to documented scientific production in the target area of the course in the last five years.
Doctoral candidates usually have to follow compulsory courses depending on the university.
The organisation of the PhD supports collaboration with public or private, Italian or foreign research bodies or industries, which allows doctoral students to carry out work experience.
Information on doctoral programmes is available on the websites of individual universities which can be accessed via the official ministry website.
For further information visit the Ministry of Education, University and Research website.